The milk production in Rajasthan has increased by 24.48% from 1985 to 2015 (an increase from 41,46,000tonnes to 1,69,34,000 tonnes). An increase in production of this scale requires a shift from conventional method of dairying to a more intensive and modern methodology wherein the animal is modified according to the requirements of the demand and supply chain. As a result, a massive inflow of foreign, exotic breeds in to the Indian dairy sector has been noticed in recent years. These cattle breeds have been reared for increased milk production with an average milk output of 20 liters per milking per day per animal! Such unnatural quantities of milk stem from a repeated cycle of impregnation and lactation, which reduce the average lifespan of the dairy cattle and increases the risk of reproductive diseases and udder infections.
FIAPO’s dairy investigation in 47 dairies of four cities (Alwar, Bikaner, Jaipur and Jodhpur) in the state of Rajasthan reveals this ugly truth behind the production of the “liquid white gold” of India. The evidence shows indiscriminate use of banned and illegal drugs such as Oxytocin for increasing and releasing huge quantities of milk, lack of basic infrastructure, food and veterinary care for the cattle and violation of the Slaughter Rules, 2001 by selling calves as young as one month and old, infirm animals for slaughter. This situation persists mainly because all these methodologies are considered as normal and best practice in terms of economic gain and cost cutting for profits, by the dairy owners of the state.